London Uyghur Ensemble

Uyghurche ئۇيغۇرچە
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 Uyghurs´ country

The Uyghurs´ country has been named variously throughout in its long history by the Uyghurs themselves and by outsiders in different periods. The most commonly used names are:

Hun, Gök Turk Empire, Uighur Empire , Uyghur Dovleti, Western Region, Tatary, Kara-Khanids Khanate (Kingdom), Chaghatay, Kashgaria, Turkistan, Uyghuristan,  East Turkistan ,  Chinese Turkistan, Xinjiang (Sinkiang), Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region,  Uyghur Region 

Xinjiang (Uyghur شىنجاڭ (Xinjang); Chinese: 新疆; Pinyin: Xīnjiāng; Wade-Giles: Postal map spelling: Sinkiang) is an autonomous region of the People´s Republic of China. It is a large, sparsely populated area which takes up about one sixth of the country´s territory. Xinjiang borders the Tibet Autonomous Region to the south and Qinghai (Kok-nur) and Gansu (Keng-su) provinces to the southeast, Mongolia to the east, Russia to the north, and Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and the Pakistan- and India-controlled parts of Kashmir to the west. It administers most of Aksai Chin, a region claimed by India as part of Jammu and Kashmir.

"Xinjiang" or "Ice Jecen" in Manchu, literally means "New Frontier", a name given during the Manchu in China.

It is home to a number of Turkic ethnic groups, the largest of which are the Uyghurs. The region is often referred to as Chinese Turkestan or East Turkestan.


East Turkistan map drawn in 1876

Uyghur region map 2004

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